Woodbine Children's Clothing Co. v. S. Goldnamer & Son

| Ky. Ct. App. | Sep 28, 1909

*540Opinion of the court by

Chief Justice Nunn


Appellant in the month of October, 1907, was engaged in the manufacturing of children’s clothing in Woodbine, N. J.; and on the same date appellees were engaged as merchants in the city of Elizabethtown, Ky. On the 23d ofrthat month appellant’s agent solicited appellees to make an order for some clothing from appellant, which they did, the order amounting to $253. The order was made to supply the spring-trade of 1908, and it was stated therein that the goods should be delivered to appellees on or about April 1, 1908. It was directed by appellees, and so stated in the order, that the goods were to be shipped by appellant to appellees over the Merchants’ Dispatch in care of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad. About the middle of March, 1908, appellant shipped by the West Jersey & Seashore Railroad $218 worth of the goods ordered by appellees, but they did not arrive in Elizabethtown until about the last of May, which was the close of the season for the sale of such goods, and appellees refused to receive them.

This action was instituted to recover of appellees the $218 for the goods so shipped. Appellees defended upon the ground that they did not owe the bill or any part of it; that the goods were not shipped in accordance with their order which was accepted the previous October by appellant; that the goods were shipped by the West Jersey & Seashore Railroad instead of the Merchants’ Dispatch in care of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad.- They also made their answer a counterclaim, and asked damages of appellant on account of its failure to deliver the goods according to contract.

*541The testimony was heard and the court instructed the jury to find against appellant on its claim of $218, and properly instructed them as to appellees’ counterclaim. The jury found against appellant on its claim, and found for appellees $50 in damages.

Appellant contends that, when it delivered the goods to the West Jersey & Seashore Railroad in Woodbine, it amounted to a delivery to appellees, and that they took the risk of the goods being delivered to them in Elizabethtown, and, if they suffered damages by reason of the loss of the goods or an account of the failure to deliver the goods according to contract, the carrier was responsible to them for the damages. The authorities are conflicting, but the weight thereof seems to be that where goods of a certain character are ordered, and the buyer directs that they be sent by a common carrier, or where, by course of trade, delivery to a common carrier to be sent to the buyer is the evident intent, in such cases the property passes as soon as the goods are put in the carrier’s possession. But, if the purchaser designates a particular carrier to which the goods should be delivered for shipment and the seller fails to deliver the goods to such carrier and selects some other, or if it appears that it was not the intention of the parties at the time of the sale that a delivery of the goods to the carrier by the seller was to be considered a delivery of the goods to the purchaser, theh the rule does not apply.. If delivery is made by the seller to a carrier designated by the buyer, it is a delivery to the buyer, and he takes the risk of the delay and loss. 24 Am. & Eng. Ency. of Law, 1071; Commonwealth v. Russell, 11 Ky. Law Rep. 576; damos v. Commonwealth, 102 Ky. 108" court="Ky. Ct. App." date_filed="1897-10-21" href="https://app.midpage.ai/document/james-v-commonwealth-7133668?utm_source=webapp" opinion_id="7133668">102 Ky. 108, 42 S. W. 1107, *54219 Ky. Law Rep. 1045; Macgruder v. Grage, 33 Md. 344" court="Md." date_filed="1870-12-07" href="https://app.midpage.ai/document/magruder-v-gage-7893103?utm_source=webapp" opinion_id="7893103">33 Md. 344, 3 Am. Rep. 177.

In the case at bar appellant agreed, as directed by appellees, to ship the goods by the Merchants’ Dispatch in care of the Louisville & Nashville Railroad, and it violated this agreement when it shipped the goods over the West Jersey & Seashore Railroad. It undertook to excuse itself in this by showing that the Merchants’ Dispatch had no connection with Woodbine, N. J., claiming, therefore, that it had a right .to ship by any carrier of its selection. This would be true if it had notified appellees of this fact before the shipment, thereby giving them an opportunity to select a carrier other than the Merchants’ Dispatch, if they desired to do so, and, in the event they failed to make their selection, appellant would have been authorized to have shipped the goods as it did. Appellant had plenty of'time to have given this notice, for it knew in October the route over which appellees had directed these goods shipped, and it did not ship the goods until March 19, 1908. Therefore we are of the opinion that the court committed no error in directing the jury to find against appellant on its claim.

There was evidence introduced authorizing the verdict of $50 for appellees on their counterclaim.

For these reasons, the judgment of the lower court is affirmed.