United States v. Core

2:19-cr-00086-KJM | E.D. Cal. | Jul 18, 2019

M C GREGOR W. SCOTT United States Attorney ROBERT J. ARTUZ Special Assistant U.S. Attorney 501 I Street, Suite 10-100 Sacramento, CA 95814 Telephone: (916) 554-2700 Facsimile: (916) 554-2900 Attorneys for Plaintiff United States of America

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT EASTERN DISTRICT OF CALIFORNIA CASE NO. 2:19-CR-0086-KJM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff, STIPULATION AND PROTECTIVE ORDER v. MATTHEW CORE, aka MATTHEW COBLE, Defendant.

I. STIPULATION 1. Plaintiff United States of America, by and through its counsel of record, and defendant Matthew Core (“defendant”), by and through his respective counsel of record (collectively, the “parties”), for the reasons set forth below, hereby stipulate, agree, and jointly request that the Court enter a Protective Order in this case restricting the use and dissemination of certain materials containing personal identifying information of real persons and other confidential information of victims, witnesses, and third parties.

2. On May 16, 2019, Defendant Matthew Core was indicted on the following charges: two counts of bank fraud, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1344, one count of aggravated identity theft, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1028A, one count of possession of stolen mail, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1708, one count of unlawful possession of Postal Service locks and keys, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1704, one count of unlawful possession of at least fifteen access devices, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 1029(a)(3), 1 and two counts of possession of forged securities of a private organization, in violation of 18 U.S.C. § 513(a). ECF 1. On July 12, 2019, Core was transferred to federal custody in the present case, and the Court detained him pending trial.

3. As part of its investigation in the above-captioned case, the United States is in possession of documents relating to the charges against the defendant, and seeks to provide those documents to counsel for the defendant. Some of the materials may exceed the scope of the United States’s discovery obligations, but will be produced to promote a prompt and just resolution or trial of the case.
4. The United States intends to produce to the Defense Team, as defined below, materials containing personal identifying information (“PII”) and other confidential information of real persons, including, among other things, personal names, addresses, phone numbers, Social Security numbers, employers, credit/debit card numbers, and bank account numbers. These real persons are victims, witnesses, or third parties to this case.
5. The purpose of the proposed Protective Order is to prevent the unauthorized dissemination, distribution, or use of materials containing the PII and confidential information of others. If this information is disclosed without protective measures, or to defendant without limitation, it will risk the privacy and security of the people to whom the information relates. The information could itself be used to further criminal activity if improperly disclosed or used. The United States has ongoing statutory and ethical obligations to protect victims.
6. Due to the nature of the charges and the alleged conduct in this case, PII and other confidential information make up a significant part of the discovery materials in this case and such information itself, in many instances, has evidentiary value. The documentary evidence contains a very large quantity of privacy-protected information that would be difficult or time-consuming to redact. Further, if the government were to attempt to redact all this information, the defense would receive a set of discovery that would be highly confusing and difficult to understand, and could inhibit prompt and just resolution of the case or preparation for trial.
7. Accordingly, the parties jointly request a Protective Order that will permit the United States to produce discovery that is unredacted, but preserves the privacy and security of victims, witness, and third parties. The parties agree that the following conditions, if ordered by the Court in the proposed 2 Protective Order, will serve the government’s interest in maintaining the privacy and security of victims and third parties, while permitting the Defense Team to understand the United States’s evidence against the defendant.
8. This Court may enter protective orders pursuant to Rule 16(d) of the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Local Rule 141.1, and its general supervisory authority.

II.

PROPOSED PROTECTIVE ORDER A. Protected Materials 9. This Order pertains to all discovery provided or made available to Defense Counsel in

this case. 10. For purposes of the Protective Order, the term “Personal Identifying Information” (“PII”) includes: any information within the definition of a “means of identification” under 18 U.S.C. § 1028(d)(7), any information within the definition of an “access device” under 18 U.S.C. § 1029(e)(1), and the home addresses and personal contact information of any victim or witness.
11. For purposes of the Protective Order, the term “Protected Materials” includes: any discovery that the United States has provided or made available to Defense Counsel and has designated “PROTECTED MATERIALS- SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER” by a notation written, stamped, or inscribed on the discovery itself or a discovery container (e.g., a folder, disc, or flash drive). The United States will in good faith designate only discovery that contains PII as Protected Materials.
12. To the extent that notes are made that memorialize, in whole or in part, the PII in any Protected Materials, or to the extent that copies are made for authorized use by members of the Defense Team, such notes, copies, or reproductions become Protected Materials, subject to the Protective Order and must be handled in accordance with the terms of the Protective Order.
B. Defense Team 13. For purposes of this Order, the term “Defense Counsel” refers to the defendant’s counsel
of record. 14. For purposes of this Order, the term “Defense Team” refers to (1) the defendant’s counsel of record, (2) other attorneys at defense counsel’s law firm or defense organization who may be consulted regarding case strategy in the above-captioned matter, (3) defense investigators who are 3 assisting defense counsel with this case, (4) retained experts or potential experts, and (5) paralegals, legal assistants, and other support staff to defendant’s counsel of record providing assistance on this case. The term “Defense Team” does not include defendant, the defendant’s family, or other associates of the defendant.
15. Defense Counsel must provide a copy of this Order to all members of the Defense Team. a) Defense Counsel must obtain written acknowledgement from members of the Defense Team that they are bound by the terms and conditions of this Protective Order, prior to providing any Protected Materials to the members of the Defense Team. The written acknowledgement need not be disclosed or produced to the United States unless ordered by the Court.
b) Members of the defense team who are employees of the Federal Defender’s Office who have signed a confidentiality agreement as part of their employment are not required to sign a written acknowledgement. The confidentiality agreement need not be disclosed or produced to the United States unless ordered by the Court. C. Disclosure of Protected Materials 16. The Defense Team shall not permit anyone other than the Defense Team to have
possession of the Protected Materials, including the defendant himself. 17. No person or party shall use any Protected Materials or information derived from Protected Materials produced in this action for any purpose other than use in the above-captioned case. All Protected Materials shall be used solely for the purpose of conducting and preparing for pre-trial, post-trial, and appellate proceedings (both direct and collateral) and in this criminal action for no other purposes whatsoever, and shall not be used for the economic or other benefit of the defendant, or any third party. Protected Materials may be disclosed only to the categories of persons and under the conditions described in this Order.
18. Defendant may review Protected Materials in this case only in the presence of a member of the Defense Team, and his Defense Counsel shall ensure that each defendant is never left alone with any Protected Materials. Defendant may not copy, keep, maintain, or otherwise possess any of such Protected Materials at any time. Defendant must return any Protected Materials to the Defense Team at 4 the conclusion of any meeting at which the defendant reviews the Protected Materials. Defendant may not take any Protected Materials out of the room in which they are meeting with the Defense Team. Defendant may not write down or memorialize any PII contained in the Protected Materials. At the conclusion of any meeting with the defendant, the member of the Defense Team present shall take with him or her all Protected Materials. At no time, under any circumstances, will any Protected Materials be left in the possession, custody, or control of the defendant, whether or not he is incarcerated, except as provided below in Paragraph 19.
19. If, during the pendency of the case, the defendant request a copy of the Protected Materials from Defense Counsel, Defense Counsel may provide a copy of the Protected Materials to the defendant provided that Defense Counsel ensures that all PII contained in the Protected Materials is fully redacted and the copy bears the inscription as described in Paragraph 25. If Defense Counsel provides a redacted copy to the defendant subject to these conditions, Defense Counsel or a member of the Defense Team must contemporaneously memorialize in writing that it has fully redacted PII from the Protected Materials and complied with this Order. This written certification need not be disclosed or produced to the United States unless ordered by the Court.
20. The Defense Team may review Protected Materials with a witness or potential witness in this case, including the defendant, subject to the requirement above that a member of the Defense Team must be present if Protected Materials are being shown to the defendant. Before being shown any portion of the Protected Materials, however, any witness or potential witness must be informed of the existence of the Protective Order and given a copy of the Protective Order. No witness or potential witness may retain Protected Materials, or any copy thereof, after his or her review of those materials with the Defense Team is complete.
21. This Order does not limit employees of the United States Attorney’s Office for the Eastern District of California from disclosing the Protected Materials to members of the United States Attorney’s Office, law enforcement agencies, the Court, and defense.
22. Defense Counsel shall advise the United States with reasonable notice of any subpoenas, document requests, or claims for access to the Protected Materials by third parties if Defense Counsel is considering disseminating any of the Protected Materials to a third party, in order that the United States 5 may take action to resist or comply with such demands as it may deem appropriate.
D. Ensuring Security of Protected Materials 23. The Defense Team shall maintain the Protected Materials safely and securely, and shall
exercise reasonable care in ensuring the security and confidentiality of the Protected Materials by storing the Protected Materials in a secure place, such as a locked office.
24. To the extent that Protected Materials, or any copies or reproductions thereof, are stored electronically, the Protected Materials will be stored on a password-protected or encrypted storage medium or device. Encryption keys must be stored securely and not written on the storage media that they unlock.
25. If a member of the Defense Team makes, or causes to be made, any further copies of any of the Protected Materials, Defense Counsel will ensure that the following notation is written, stamped or inscribed on whatever folder, container, or media contains the copies: “PROTECTED MATERIALS- SUBJECT TO PROTECTIVE ORDER.” For example, if Defense Counsel makes a copy of a disc or physical file containing Protected Materials, the duplicate disc or file must be encrypted and marked with the above notation.
E. Filings 26. In the event that a party needs to file Protected Materials containing PII, or materials
otherwise identified as containing confidential information of victims, witnesses, or third parties with the Court, or disclose PII in court filings, the filing should be made under seal. If the Court rejects the request to file such information under seal, the party seeking to file such information shall provide advance written notice to the other party to afford such party an opportunity to object or otherwise respond to such intention. If the other party does not object to the proposed filing, the party seeking to file such information shall redact the PII or confidential materials and make all reasonable attempts to limit the divulging of PII or confidential materials.
F. Conclusion of Prosecution 27. The provisions of this Order shall not terminate at the conclusion of this prosecution. All
Protected Materials subject to the Protective Order maintained in the Defense Team’s files shall remain subject to the Protective Order unless and until such Order is modified by the Court. 6
28. Upon final disposition of the case – including exhaustion of direct and collateral appellate proceedings or at the expiration of Defense Counsel’s document retention requirement – Defense Counsel shall, within 60 days, return the Protected Materials to the government, or certify in writing that the Protected Materials have been destroyed. If any Protected Materials are used as defense exhibits, they shall be maintained with government exhibits so long as those are required to be maintained.
G. Termination or Substitution of Counsel 29. In the event that there is a substitution of counsel prior to final disposition of the case,
new counsel of record must join this Protective Order before any Protected Materials may be transferred from the undersigned defense counsel to the new defense counsel. New defense counsel then will become Defense Counsel for purposes of this Protective Order, and become Defense Team’s custodian of materials, and shall then become responsible, upon the conclusion of appellate and post-conviction proceedings, for complying with the provisions set forth in this Protective Order. All members of the Defense Team, whether current or past counsel, are at all times subject to the Protective Order and are not relieved by termination of representation or conclusion of the prosecution.
A. Redaction of Protected Materials 30. Nothing in this Order shall prevent the United States Attorney’s Office from redacting
PII or other confidential information in any Protected Materials. B. Modification of Order 31. Nothing in this Order shall prevent any party from seeking modification to the Order or
from objecting to discovery it otherwise believes to be improper. Nothing in this Order shall prevent any party from seeking a more restrictive protective order with regard to particular discovery items.
C. Violation of Order 32. Any person who willfully violates this Order may be held in contempt of court and may
be subject to monetary of other sanctions as deemed appropriate by the Court. This provision does not expand or narrow the Court’s contempt powers.
D. Application of Laws 33. Nothing in this Order shall be construed to affect or comment on the admissibility or
discoverability of the Protected Materials. 7 34. Nothing in this Order shall be construed to affect the application of and the parties’ compliance with the Federal Rules of Criminal Procedure, Local Rules, and applicable statutes. Dated: July 17, 2019 M C GREGOR W. SCOTT United States Attorney /s/ ROBERT J. ARTUZ ROBERT J. ARTUZ Special Assistant U.S. Attorney
Dated: July 17, 2019 /s/ BILL BONHAM

BILL BONHAN

Counsel for Defendant

MATTHEW CORE

FINDINGS AND ORDER

The Court having read and considered the Stipulation and Joint Request for a Protective Order, which this Court incorporates by reference into this Order in full, hereby finds that GOOD CAUSE exists to enter the above Order.

IT IS SO FOUND AND ORDERED

Dated: July 18, 2019 8