United States v. Barnes

1:22-cr-00084-CJW-MAR | N.D. Iowa | Jan 4, 2023

IN THE UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR THE NORTHERN DISTRICT OF IOWA

CEDAR RAPIDS DIVISION UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, No. 22-CR-84 CJW-MAR Plaintiff, vs. ORDER REGARDING MAGISTRATE JUDGE’S REPORT AND LAVELL ANDRE BARNES, JR.,

RECOMMENDATION CONCERNING DEFENDANT’S Defendant. GUILTY PLEA ____________________ I. INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND On October 19, 2022, a one-count Indictment was filed against defendant. On December 19, 2022, defendant appeared before United States Magistrate Judge Mark A. Roberts and entered a plea of guilty to count one of the Indictment. On December 20, 2022, Judge Roberts filed a Report and Recommendation (“R&R”) in which he recommended that defendant’s guilty plea be accepted. The parties did not file objections to Judge Roberts’ R&R. The Court, therefore, undertakes the necessary review of Judge Roberts’ recommendation to accept defendant’s plea in this case.

II. ANALYSIS Under the statute, this C ourt’s standard of review for a magistrate judge’s R&R is as follows: A judge of the court shall make a de novo determination of those portions of the report or specified proposed findings or recommendations to which objection is made. A judge of the court may accept, reject, or modify, in whole or in part, the findings or recommendations made by the magistrate judge.

28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(C). When parties do not object to a magistrate judge ’s report and recommendation, the Court reviews the report and recommendation for clear error. 28 U.S.C. § 636(b)(1)(A). Similarly, Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 59(b) provides for review

Case 1:22-cr-00084-CJW-MAR Document 30 Filed 01/04/23 Page 1 of 2 of a magistrate judge’s R&R on dispositive motions, where objections are made, as follows:

The district judge must consider de novo any objection to the magistrate judge’s recommenda tion. The district judge may accept, reject, or modify the recommendation, receive further evidence, or resubmit the matter to the magistrate judge with instructions.

F ED . R. C RIM . P. 59(b)(3). [1] In this case, the parties filed no objections, and it appears to the Court upon review that Judge Roberts’ findings and conclusions are not clearly erroneous. Therefore, the Court ACCEPTS Judge Roberts’ R&R of December 20, 2022, and ACCEPTS defendant’s plea of guilty in this case to count one of the Indictment.

IT IS SO ORDERED this 4th day of January, 2023. _________________________ C.J. Williams United States District Judge Northern District of Iowa

NOTES

[1] United States v. Cortez-Hernandez , 673 F. App’x 587" date_filed="2016-12-09" court="8th Cir." case_name="United States v. Bonnie Cortez-Hernandez">673 F. App’x 587, 590 -91 (8th Cir. 2016) (per curiam), suggests that a defendant may have the right to de novo review of a magistrate judge’s recommendation to accept a plea of guilty even if no objection is filed. 2 Case 1:22-cr-00084-CJW-MAR Document 30 Filed 01/04/23 Page 2 of 2