Sterneman v. Springfield Traction Co.

178 Mo. App. 64 | Mo. Ct. App. | 1914

ROBERTSON, P. J.

The defendant was engaged in the operation of a street car system in the city of Springfield and the plaintiff at about ten o ’clock at night boarded one of its cars in the business part of the city to ride to the end of its line, which was a short distance from the plaintiff’s boarding place. Arriving at a point near the end of the track, the conductor alighted from the car and proceeded to readjust the trolley pole of the car for the purpose of making the return trip, thus leaving the car dark. The plaintiff and the only other passenger walked out to the platform of the car and, when it became dark, remained standing there until the trolley pole was adjusted and the car relighted, whereupon the other passenger proceeded down the steps of the car and the conductor ascended them, leaving the plaintiff upon the platform. Plaintiff testified that there was not room for him and the other passenger to descend the steps while the conductor was ascending them. "When the conductor reached the platform the plaintiff, a German, who spoke English brokenly, undertook to state something to the conductor about some previous action of the conductor towards the plaintiff, stating that if the conductor ever repeated it he would report him to the company, whereupon the conductor struck the plaintiff a *68lick oil the jaw with his ticket punch, breaking plaintiff’s jaw, knocking him down on the ground and rendering him unconscious. There was some testimony in behalf of the plaintiff that the conductor, without cause, continued his assault upon the plaintiff after he was knocked to the ground and until the motorman arrived at the scene and separated them. The motorman took the plaintiff up to his boarding house and placed him on the porch, leaving him there alone to arouse the occupants of the house and gain attention as best he could.

The testimony of the conductor and motorman contradicts the testimony of plaintiff. They testified that the plaintiff and the passenger with him had alighted from the car and that, while the conductor was adjusting the trolley pole, plaintiff went up to him and attacked him, that the conductor defended himself against the attacks, pushing the plaintiff away, and that finally, upon plaintiff continuing the attacks, the conductor struck him as his only means of escape from the attacks of the plaintiff, knocking Mm down several times.

The ease was tried before the court and tó a jury and resulted in a verdict for the plaintiff in the sum of $1500. Exemplary damages were asked in plaintiff’s petition and submitted to the jury under instructions, but no sum was allowed therefor by the jury. The court gave nine instructions at the request of the plaintiff and eight at the request of the defendant. The defendant requested eleven instructions wMch were refused.

The defendant presents the case here on the assertion that plaintiff was. not at the time of the assault a passenger upon the car and that, therefore, it is not liable for any acts or conduct of its conductor. It is also urged that plaintiff provoked the assault and cannot, therefore, be heard to complain of its results.

*69If'the facts were as. witnesses in behalf of the defendant testified, the case presented here would be different from the one now before us, but that testimony was not believed by the jury and is not here for consideration. The jury has accepted the testimony of the plaintiff as true and the only questions to determine are whether or not the plaintiff left the car with such expedition as was encumbent upon him, under the circumstances, justifying the holding that he continued to be a passenger, and whether or not the conductor was justified in making the assault by reason of anything the plaintiff said to him.

Upon the first proposition, we hold that the plaintiff was justified in stopping at the platform until the car was relighted, and that in so doing he did not cease to be a passenger. It was not the plaintiff’s duty to move faster than the situation reasonably demanded of him. The car had reached its destination and there was no reason for requiring a hurried exit on the part of the plaintiff. He had a right to hesitate as he did until the car was relighted, since he in no manner interfered with the other passenger or with the proper conduct of the defendant’s business. At the time the conductor struck him he was unquestionably a passenger upon the defendant’s car and entitled to protection from assaults by the employees of the defendant, unless his conduct exempts the defendant from liability. [Senf v. Railway Co., 112 Mo. App. 74, 86 S. W. 887.]

We must also hold, supported by such authorities as O’Brien v. Transit Co., 185 Mo. 263, 84 S. W. 939, same ease, 212 Mo. 59, 110 S. W. 705, and Mitchell v. United Hallways Co., 125 Mo. App. 1, 13, 102 S. W. 661, that under the facts in this case the assault made by defendant’s conductor was unjustifiable and that the defendant is liable, and that this is true even though the plaintiff may have threatened to report the conductor for some supposed or actual improper action on the conductor’s part. If the conductor con-*70tinned this assault after he had knocked the plaintiff to the ground, the defendant was yet liable as the plaintiff was then entitled to the protection the defendant owed him. {O’Brien case, supra).

"We have carefully considered all of the instructions given and refused hut the unreasonable number, we believe, does not justify an extended discussion of them, thereby making this an unnecessarily voluminous opinion. We shall, therefore, confine our discussion of them to the statement that we believe there is no error, in this regard. The judgment of the circuit court is affirmed.

Sturgis and Farrington, JJ., concur.