Ratcliff v. County of Santa Clara

No. 03-15463; D.C. No. CV-01-20372-JW | 9th Cir. | May 28, 2004


Janet Ratcliff appeals the district court’s grant of summary judgment to the County of Santa Clara (“the County”) on claims arising from her son’s death. Ratcliff argues that the district court should have extended discovery before granting summary judgment.

Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(f) provides that when considering a motion for summary judgment, a court “may order a continuance to permit affidavits to be obtained or depositions to be taken or discovery to be hadRatcliff had already been granted four continuances to conduct further discovery. The district court “never formally denied discovery[ ] because [Ratcliff] never formally moved for discovery.” Brae Transp., Inc. v. Coopers & Lybrand, 790 F.2d 1439" court="9th Cir." date_filed="1986-06-03" href="https://app.midpage.ai/document/brae-transportation-v-coopers--lybrand-470073?utm_source=webapp" opinion_id="470073">790 F.2d 1439, 1443 (9th Cir.1986). “References in memoranda and declarations to a need for discovery do not qualify as motions under Rule 56(f).” Id. “Rule 56(f) requires affidavits setting forth the particular facts expected from the movant’s discovery. Failure to comply with the requirements of Rule 56(f) is a proper ground for denying discovery and proceeding to summary judgment.” Id. (citing Foster v. Arcata Assocs., Inc., 772 F.2d 1453" court="9th Cir." date_filed="1985-10-25" href="https://app.midpage.ai/document/lynn-foster-v-arcata-associates-inc-458586?utm_source=webapp" opinion_id="458586">772 F.2d 1453, 1467 (9th Cir.1985)).

Ratcliff only informally requested further discovery in her response to the County’s motion for summary judgment. Noticeably absent from Ratcliffs response was any reference to Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(f) or any attached affidavit setting forth those facts she expected to acquire from additional discovery. There was no abuse of discretion.

Furthermore, even if Ratcliff had formally requested additional discovery pursuant to Fed.R.Civ.P. 56(f), she cannot demonstrate how it would have precluded summary judgment. Although her son obviously suffered a “sufficiently serious” deprivation, thereby satisfying the objective prong of an Eighth Amendment violation, Ratcliff fails to raise any genuine issue of material fact that the County was deliberately indifferent to his safety. See Johnson v. Lewis, 217 F.3d 726" court="9th Cir." date_filed="2000-06-29" href="https://app.midpage.ai/document/dennis-johnson-leonard-todek-v-samuel-lewis-769303?utm_source=webapp" opinion_id="769303">217 F.3d 726, 731 (9th Cir. 2000).


This disposition is not appropriate for publication and may not be cited to or by the courts of this circuit except as provided by Ninth Circuit Rule 36-3.