| Ill. | Oct 11, 1895

Mr. Justice Baker

delivered the opinion of the court:

Max Morgenthau brought trespass in the circuit court of Cook county against Edwin Pardridge, (the appellant,) Joseph Pish, Samuel L. Joseph, Selig Greenbaum and the corporation of Pish, Joseph & Co., and alleged his damages to be §7500. There was service of process upon all of the defendants. The defendants other than appellant interposed pleas, upon which issues were formed, but appellant was defaulted for want of any appearance or plea. A jury were impannelled and sworn to try the issues joined as to the co-defendants o.f appellant, and “to assess the plaintiff’s damages as to the defendant Edwin Pardridge.” Pending the trial the appellee dismissed his action against all the defendants except appellant, and assessed the damages as against appellant at §7500, and thereupon the court entered a judgment upon the verdict.

On the last day of the term at which the judgment was rendered the appellant entered a motion for a new trial. At the next succeeding term of the court he made a motion to set aside the default and vacate the judgment, and asked leave to have this latter motion entered nunc pro tunc as of the preceding term of court. On July 28, 1894, the court denied the motion to set aside the default and verdict and to vacate the judgment, and at the same time overruled the motion for a new trial. It appears from the record that on said July 28, 1894, the appellant prayed an appeal from the order overruling the motion for a new trial, and was allowed an appeal to the Appellate Court for the First District, upon condition that he should give and file, within twenty days from the entry of the order, an appeal bond in the sum of §9000, with security to be approved by the clerk of the court, and that on the same day he was given sixty days from the same date within which to present and file his bill of exceptions. It further appears from the record that on August 15,1894, an order was entered that the defendant have until and on August 27,1894, to file his appeal bond, and that on August 27, 1894, the time was further extended to August 30, 1894.

The next order that appears of record is under date of September 14, 1894, and is as follows: “On motion of defendant’s attorney it is ordered that the time to file the bond herein be and the same is hereby extended five days.” And it appears from the record of the circuit court, as certified by the clerk of that court, that the appeal bond was filed in that court on the third day of October, 1894. Jit the foot of the bond so filed is a memorandum, as follows : “Approved as of September 17, A. D. 1894.- — October 3, A. D. 1894. — Edmund W. Burke, Judge.”

The record of the circuit court, with assignments of error thereon, was filed by appellant in the Appellate Court on October 3, 1894. On October 8, 1894, appellee filed in the latter court his motion to dismiss the appeal, and specified in the motion the grounds upon which such motion was based, and among these grounds were the following: “First, because the Appellate Court has no jurisdiction to entertain or consider said appeal; second, because no appeal bond was filed by said appellant within the time allowed therefor.” Thereupon, on the next day, October 9, 1894, appellant suggested, in writing, a diminution of the record, and that the clerk of the circuit court had omitted from the transcript the bill of exceptions, and also the “order entered by Judge Hanecy in said court on the 30th day of August, A. B. 1894, extending the, time to file the appeal bond to the 17th day of September, A. B. 1894,” and moved the court “that this cause be continued until the next term of this honorable court, and that the time for filing briefs and abstract be extended accordingly.”

On October 29, 1894, the Appellate Court entered an order and judgment sustaining the motion of appellee to dismiss the appeal, and against appellant for costs. Said order and judgment contains these statements: “And the court, having diligently examined the record filed in said cause, are of the opinion that said appeal bond was not filed in proper time in said cause, therefore it is ordered by the court that said appeal be and the same is hereby dismissed.” Thereupon this further appeal was taken, and the material assignments of error upon the Appellate Court record are as follows: That the Appellate Court erred in refusing to grant appellant’s motion to continue this cause to the succeeding term; that the Appellate Court erred in refusing to give the appellant time to amend and bring additional record to the Appellate Court; that the Appellate Court erred in dismissing the appeal in the cause and affirming this judgment of the court below.

We find with the transcript of the record of the Appellate Court proceedings, as certified by the clerk of that court, what purport to be true copies of several affidavits filed in said cause in the office of said clerk, and also what are certified by him to be true copies of two certain letters left in his office. These affidavits and letters cannot be regarded as a part of the record, since they are not a part of the record proper, and have not been incorporated into it by any bill of exceptions. The rule is, that affidavits are a part of the record only where they are brought into it by a bill of exceptions, and that they are not made a part of the record merely by being copied into the record by the clerk and certified by him. This rule has been announced by this court so frequently and in such a long line of decisions, reaching almost or quite from the first organization of the court down to the present time, that there is no necessity for the citation of cases in its support.

The Appellate Courts of this State exercise appellate jurisdiction only, and in large classes of cases the judgments, orders and decrees of those courts are final. Neither at the common law nor by the statute of Westminster, 2 Edward I, ch. 31, was there any occasion or provision for taking a bill of exceptions from a court which was a court of review only, or from a court in the exercise of its jurisdiction as a court of errors, and our statutes have not provided for the giving of a bill of exceptions by the Appellate Courts.

It must be deemed that the Appellate Courts of this State, in the exercise of their jurisdiction, are invested with full and plenary discretionary power in respect to the matters of allowing and refusing continuances of causes upon their dockets, and of granting extensions of time in which to file records, amended, additional or supplemental records, and briefs, except that in cases of appeals the statute, (Practice act, sec. 72,) as judicially construed, limits the times within which the transcripts of the records shall be filed or applications made for extension of time. (Rager v. Tilford, Beecher’s Breese, 407; Anonymous, 11 Ill. 487" date_filed="1850-06-15" court="Ill." case_name="Anonymous">11 Ill. 487; Adams v. Robertson, 40 id. 40; Patterson v. Stewart, 104 id. 104.) Error does not lie to a decision on a matter which is entirely and absolutely discretionary with the court. Welsh v. People, 17 Ill. 339" date_filed="1856-06-15" court="Ill." case_name="Welsh v. People">17 Ill. 339; 2 Am. & Eng. Ency. of Law, 219, and authorities cited in note.

The fact that all questions of continuance, and of extension of time within which to prepare the case for submission, are questions addressed solely to the discretion of the Appellate Courts, sufficiently disposes of the assignments of error that the Appellate Court refused to continue the cause to the succeeding term, and refused; to give time to amend record and file additional record. It may, however, perhaps not improperly, be remarked that the motion that was entered by appellant does not seem to suggest that there had been an omission by the clerk to enter of record any order that had been made by the trial court, or that it was in contemplation to apply below for an amendment of the record, and that, moreover, it is not perceived what bearing a bill of the exceptions taken on or prior to July 28, 1894, could possibly have in determining whether the appeal bond herein was filed in conformity with the orders of the trial court.

The last, in number, of the assignments of error is, that the Appellate Court erred in dismissing the appeal in the cause and affirming the judgment of the court below. The Practice act (section 67) expressly provides that the party praying the appeal shall give, and file in the office of the clerk of the court from which the appeal is prayed, the bond required, “within such time, not less than twenty days, as shall be limited by the court.” Taking, as we must, the record as it is certified to us from below, it appears that by means of the original order and two subsequent orders the time for filing the appeal bond was finally extended to August 30, 1894. The bond was not filed within the time as so extended. Fifteen days after the period fixed for filing it had expired, the court, on September 14, 1894, assumed to grant a further extension of five days from the last mentioned date. This the court could not do. It had lost jurisdiction for any such purpose from and after the expiration of the time last limited, no new extension having been allowed prior to such expiration. Leach v. People, 118 Ill. 157" date_filed="1886-10-06" court="Ill." case_name="Leach v. People ex rel. Patterson">118 Ill. 157; Hake v. Strudel, 121 id. 321; Hawes v. People ex rel. 129 'Id. 123; Village of Marseilles v. Howland, 136 id. 81; Tedrick v. Wells, 152 id. 214.

Besides this, and even assuming that the order made on September 14,1894, granting an extension of five days from that date within which to file the bond, was a valid, order, yet it appears from the record that the bond was not in fact filed until October 3, 1894. ’ It is true, there is, on the face of the bond, a memorandum in writing and signed by one of the judges of the circuit court of Cook county, and dated October 3, 1894, which reads: “Approved as of September 17, A. D. 1894.” But the making of an order granting an appeal, and fixing the amount of the appeal bond, and the time within which the bond shall be presented and filed, is a judicial act, which can only be performedjby the judge in term time, and when sitting as a court. (Hake v. Strubel, supra.) And so, also, is the extension of the time for filing the same. Village of Marseilles v. Howland, supra; Hawes v. People, supra.

The time limited for filing the bond had, in any event, expired on September 19, 1894. The judge of the court could not, thereafter, and out of court and off the bench, approve an appeal bond and direct it to be filed nunc pro tunc as of September 17,1894. It maybe that under some circumstances the court, during term time and while the court was in open session, might make such a nunc pro tunc order; but it must appear upon the record of the proceedings of the court, and should state the reasons to justify the making of the same, and the opposite party or his attorney should have opportunity to be heard upon the matter, and to except to the action of the court, as a court, in the premises. It is to be borne in mind that the judge, when off the bench and not sitting as a court, is not the court. (Bowman v. Venice and Carondelet Railway Co. 102 Ill. 459" date_filed="1882-01-18" court="Ill." case_name="Bowman v. Venice & Carondelet Railway Co.">102 Ill. 459.) The orders of a court of record must appear of record. The memorandum here in question is not, and does not purport to be, an order of the court. It does not even purport to be an order of the judge directing the bond to be filed nunc pro tunc. It was not, in fact, filed as of September 17, 1894, and there is nothing from which the presumption that it was filed in due time can arise. The conclusion must be, that since the appeal bond was not given and filed within the time limited by the orders of the court, it was not error to dismiss the appeal. Wormley v. Wormley, 96 Ill. 129" date_filed="1880-09-15" court="Ill." case_name="Wormley v. Wormley">96 Ill. 129.

In the latter part of this last assignment of error it is claimed that the Appellate Court erred in affirming the judgment of the circuit court. If the court had rendered a judgment of affirmance, it is probable that its action in so doing would have been erroneous. But turning to the record we find that no order of affirmance was made, and that the court merely dismissed the appeal and rendered judgment against the appellant for costs. The assignment of error was undoubtedly made as broad as it is through mere inadvertence.

For the reasons we have herein stated the order and judgment of the Appellate Court are affirmed.

Judgment affirmed.