180 Ill. 599 | Ill. | 1899

Mr. Justice Magruder

delivered the opinion of the court:

The proof shows, that the appellant,Thomas W. Crone, and his deceased son, Walter S. Crone, were partners for many years, during the lifetime of the latter, in the retail liquor business at No. 6 Dearborn street in Chicago. The saloon and business at the place named were sold out on July 6,1896, by Walter S. Crone for $6000.00, $1000.00 paid in cash, and $5000.00 in notes to his order. After his death the appellant, Thomas W. Crone, filed a bill against the present appellee and others, alleging that he was an equal partner in the saloon business with his son, and seeking to recover his share of the proceeds of the sale of the business, and of certain warehouse receipts, which were then in the possession of the appellee, Jennie Crone, and claimed by her. In the suit thus brought by appellant against appellee, a decree was entered in favor of the appellant, finding him to be the owner of an undivided one-half of the property involved in that suit. From that decree an appeal was taken to the Appellate Court, where the decree was affirmed, and the case was then brought to this court, where the judgment of the Appellate Court was affirmed. The cause is reported as Crone v. Crone, 170 Ill. 494.

The question of fact, involved in this case, is whether the lot and improvements thereon, known as 450 Warren avenue in Chicago and in controversy in this suit, were purchased with partnership money, belonging jointly to the deceased, Walter S. Crone, and his father, the appellant, or whether such premises were purchased with the individual money of the appellant alone. The court below found that the property was bought with partnership money. We are of the opinion, that this finding of the court below is sustained by the evidence, and do not deem it necessary to discuss the testimony in detail.

Inasmuch as the property was purchased with partnership funds, belonging to Walter S. Crone and the appellant, and the legal title thereto was conveyed to the appellant, it follows that there was a resulting trust in favor of Walter S. Crone, and the appellant held the legal title in trust for himself and for his son. Where two persons together advance the price of land, and title is taken in the name of one of them, a trust results in favor of the other in such proportion of the property, as is equal to the proportion of the consideration contributed by that other. (VanBuskirk v. VanBuskirk, 148 Ill. 9). Where two partners, having each an equal interest in a business, purchase land with partnership funds, and the title is taken in the name of one of the parties only, the latter will be regarded as an agent and trustee of the other. (VanBuskirk v. VanBuskirk, supra; Stephenson v. McClintock, 141 Ill. 604). In such case, when the property is paid for with partnership moneys, and the title is taken in the name of one partner, the other partner has the right to an interest with the partner, holding the title, the two interests being in the proportions of their respective ownerships in the monej^s paid for the property. (King v. Hamilton, 16 Ill. 190). It follows, that the decree of the court below was correct in directing an undivided one-half of the property to be deeded by the appellant to the appellee, inasmuch as her husband before his death had conveyed to her by deed or deeds his undivided one-half interest in the property.

It is, however, urged by counsel for the appellant that the deceased, Walter S. Crone, caused the property to be conveyed to his father by reason of an outstanding judgment against himself. This judgment is shown by the testimony to have been paid in 1892. (Crone v. Crone, supra). It is undoubtedly true, that, where a conveyance has been made for the purpose of hindering or delaying or defrauding the creditors of the grántor, equity will not interpose to restore to the grantor, or to his heirs, the title to the property so fraudulently conveyed. (Dunaway v. Robertson, 95 Ill. 419; Francis v. Wilkinson, 147 id. 370; McElroy v. Hiner, 133 id. 156). But we do not deem it necessary to discuss the question, whether this principle is applicable to the facts of this case or not, for the reason that no such issue is made by the pleadings.

Here, the appellee charges that the property was purchased with partnership funds of her husband and appellant. The only defense, set up in the answer of the appellant to this charge, is, that the property was purchased with the appellant’s own individual money. Therefore, the issue made by the pleadings is, whether the money paid for the property was furnished by appellant alone, or by the appellant and his son, Walter. The appellant does not in his answer allege, that he took the title to this property in his own name at the request of his son, in order to keep it from a creditor of the latter, nor does he so state in his testimony. The only evidence upon the subject is that of one of the witnesses, who says that he heard Walter S. Crone say in his lifetime, that he wanted the title to be put in his father because of the existence of the judgment above referred to.

This court has held, that such a defense as this cannot be set up under such a state of pleadings, as here exists. In Westlake v. Horton, 85 Ill. 228, the bill showed the execution of a mortgage to secure a bona fide indebtedness, and afterwards a deed absolute in form for the same purpose, and payment of the indebtedness, and asked for a satisfaction of the mortgage and a re-conveyance of the land, and the defendants in their answer denied full payment, and claimed that the deed was not a mortgage, but was given to carry out an absolute sale of .the property; it was there held that the defendants would not be allowed to make the point, that the mortgage and deed were executed to hinder and delay creditors, as a defense, bécause such defense had not been set up in the answer. In Westlake v. Horton, supra, we said: “What was in issue? What were the matters of contention between these parties? We are only to look to the bill and answer to ascertain, and it will not appear from either that the matter presented by appellant in his brief and argument was a contested matter. It nowhere appears in either, that these instruments of conveyance were executed to hinder and delay creditors, and with a fraudulent intent. It is not so averred in the answer. The answer grounds the defense upon a meritorious debt due from the complainant to the defendant, Westlake, and unpaid. * * * We have remarked already, that it was at no time pretended by appellant, or alleged by him, that these conveyances were made to hinder and delay creditors, but were to secure debts bona fide due and subsisting. That is the very ground of appellant’s defense, as he has set it up in the answer, and it is sustained by the proof.”

Here, the bill and answer presented jio such issue, as is involved in the question whether or not the conveyance was taken in the name of the appellant for the purpose of hindering or delaying or defrauding any creditor of Walter S. Crone. The rule in chancery is “that a defendant is bound to apprise the complainant by his answer of the nature of the defense he intends to set up, and that a defendant cannot avail himself of any matter of defense which is not stated in his answer, even though it should appear in the evidence.” (Johnson v. Johnson, 114 Ill. 611). It is furthermore contended by the counsel for appellant, that, even if the property was bought with partnership funds, the court below should have first ordered a partnership accounting to adjust all equities between the parties to this cause. „ It might be said in answer to this contention, as was said in reference to the contention last made, that no such point is raised by the pleadings, and no such defense was insisted upon by the appellant in his answer. But there is another reason, why the court below committed no error in not requiring an account to be stated.

' After the hearing of the cause was had upon the issues made by the pleadings, and before the decree was entered, the appellant asked leave of the court to file a supplemental answer in the cause, and to introduce evidence in support of the supplemental answer. In support of his motion for leave to file the supplemental answer, the appellant filed his own affidavit. The object of the supplemental answer was to set up that certain partnership debts had not been paid, and that the appellant himself had contributed a certain sum of money towards the payment of one of these debts. Whether or not the appellant, defendant below, should be allowed, after the hearing was ended, to file a supplemental or amended answer, setting up a new matter not involved in the pleadings under which the hearing had taken place, was a matter resting within the discretion of the court; and, therefore, it cannot be assigned as error, unless there has been some abuse of the discretion. We discover nothing to indicate that there was any such abuse here. Where a motion is made after the hearing of a case, and before final decree, for leave to amend the bill or to file a supplemental bill, the granting of such leave is a matter, which is within the discretion of the court. (Shovers v. Warrick, 152 Ill. 355). In Johnson v. Johnson, supra, which was a bill for divorce, and where the issue was tried before a jury, the defendant, after the jury had retired to consider of their verdict, filed an amendment to his answer, setting up new matter; and, after the return of the verdict, this amendment was,, on the complainant’s motion, stricken from the files, and the ruling was assigned for error; and in that case we said: “This motion was addressed to the sound discretion of the court, the exercise of which will not be the subject of review, unless it appears that some substantial right has been lost to the defendant, or some legal or equitable defense denied him.”

It does not appear in this case, that the appellant was deprived of any substantial right by the refusal of the court to allow him to file a supplemental answer. As has already been stated, a bill was filed by the appellant against the appellee after the death of her husband, Walter S. Crone, for the purpose of reaching appellant’s undivided one-half interest in the proceeds of the sale of the saloon business already referred to. About the cash payment of $1000.00, which was a part of the proceeds of said sale, counsel for appellant says in bis brief: “The $1000.00 in cash was used to pay the outstanding claims against the business.” It was not set up by the appellant, either in the supplemental answer presented by him to the court below, or in the affidavit made by him in support of his motion for leave to file said answer, that there were any outstanding debts of the partnership, exceeding $1000.00 in amount. On the contrary, the debts referred to in appellant’s affidavit are together far less in amount than $1000.00. If, therefore, as counsel for appellant states in his brief, the $1000.00 in cash, realized from the sale of the business, was applied to the payment of the outstanding claims against the business, it is difficult to see how the appellant was deprived of any substantial right by the action of the court below.

The decree of the superior court of Cook county is affirmed.

„ „ , Decree affirmed.